If you would like to receive further details of new stock as it arrives then please send your email address to: [email protected] and ask to be added to the new arrivals list.Please view our extensive collection of antique carpets & rugs at It is most often found on Philadelphia pieces with neoclassic styling. Bismuth expands while solidifying which allows more alloy to expand into the mold cavity. Refers to Thomas Danforth Boardman, his brothers Sherman and Timothy, and the various partnerships formed by the Boardmans during the first half of the 19th century.
1896: Elkington was forced to change its mark in 1898) of stamping plated wares with the "crown", to avoid misunderstanding with the symbol identifying the Sheffield Assay Office.
These dates should only be used to corroborate the age of a stein, if the other traits are consistent.
A second very common error is to conclude that a four-digit number on the base or the side of the stein beginning with "17", "18" or "19" is a date.
This is a composite of two earlier articles authored by SCI Master Steinologists Liselotte Lopez and Les Paul, corrections regarding import laws by John Mc Gregor, with editing, photos and photo captions by Walt Vogdes People who have acquired a stein or two through inheritance or as a gift often assume that it is easy to determine the value and age of a stein by simply inspecting it.
If a stein is well made and attractive, they figure, it is automatically old and, therefore, valuable.